Best medical sciences books according to redditors

We found 238 Reddit comments discussing the best medical sciences books. We ranked the 131 resulting products by number of redditors who mentioned them. Here are the top 20.

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Biochemistry books
Biotechnology books
Cell biology books
Genetics books
Microbiology books
Bacteriology books
Immunology books
Biostatistics books
Medical anatomy books
Embryology books
Histology books
Nosology books
Pathophysiology books
Physiology books
Neuroanatomy books
Virology books

Top Reddit comments about Basic Medical Sciences:

u/surgemd13 · 53 pointsr/CGPGrey

His descriptions of what happens in people with "split brains" is pretty accurate. It's truly fascinating what happens when you separate parts of the brain. (By far the coolest in my opinion is left-sided hemi neglect, where the patient just does not acknowledge the left side of things existed - they will shave only the right side of their face, only draw the right side of a clock, etc.)

Most of what he discussed can be found in most neuro textbooks. As far as the "who is you" part of the question, I think that's best found in the philosophy section.

If you're interested in a specific textbook, I've enjoyed (as much as one can enjoy medical school) the neuroanatomy through clinical cases book

u/InRemission · 29 pointsr/medicalschool

"How the Immune System Works" is a concise book that provides a great overview of immunology. It was the only immunology resource that actually made things click for me!

u/threadofhope · 17 pointsr/medicine

I'm not a doctor but a medical writer who has been obsessed with medicine since I was a kid. Hmm, let me throw out some stuff...

YouTube is a treasure trove. Hank Green's SciShow is an excellent place to start. He's the nerdy, passionate science teacher we all deserve to have.

ZDoggMd makes video parodies that are also suitable for kids. He rewords pop songs with a medical education message. is a collection of free medical textbooks. Still one of the best-curated lists and non-commercial.

Textbooks can't be beat for learning the fundamentals. Most texts aren't appropriate for children, but the "Made Ridiculously Simple" series is an exception. These books are for med students and it break key concepts down with cartoony illustrations. Microbiology Made Ridiculously Simple is the best, IMO.

Netter's anatomy flashcards are awesome. They aren't cheap, but I bet your daughter would love them.

This should satisfy your daughter for a week or two. ;)

u/Randomundesirable · 11 pointsr/medicine

If you have a couple of hours to spare and want more than a cook-book approach to fluid and electrolyte management , I recommend the following book. Very practical and readable , just the right length and I feel it's the appropriate level for a Intern and anyone else whose not critical care/nephrology. I used to hand out my copy to residents rotating in nephrology

Acid-Base, Fluids, and Electrolytes Made Ridiculously Simple

u/jvttlus · 11 pointsr/medicine



Usually the fire company will pay your EMT tuition including books, so don't buy it, but this is the book you will likely use:

u/TriStateBuffalo · 11 pointsr/GetStudying
  1. Eat your pancakes every day. If you don't know what I mean, watch this video.
  2. Use flashcards. Anki or Firecracker. Pick one (don't do both!) and stick with it. Here's the medical school Anki subreddit. Here's the Firecracker page. Anki is free, but that has it's issues. Firecracker is expensive, but you get some good stuff with it (including an NBME Anatomy practice exam).
  3. Use a Pomodoro timer. Google it. I follow the basic scheme of 25 on/5 off, with a 30 minute break after 4 Pomodoros. I usually work through my 5 minute breaks but always take the 30 minute break.
  4. For Anatomy → acquire a copy of the Gray's Anatomy Review book and do all the questions. All of them. Use the UMich anatomy website for more help.
  5. For Histology → I sort of floundered through this class so I don't have much advice to give other than don't just memorize the picture, understand what you are looking at.
  6. Treat it like a full-time job that has overtime. You're expected to work 8-5 knowing that you'll also have to work from 5pm-8pm.
  7. I cannot emphasize this enough - lots of cocaine! - Just kidding, I saw this on a meme elsewhere and wanted to throw this in.


    Are you by chance going to a school in the south? Perhaps one dedicated to Honest Abe?
u/mrmojorisingi · 10 pointsr/WTF

There's a big difference between a frog and a human when you're talking about ethics. At the beginning of the class our professors stressed what an amazing gift the donors gave us by allowing us to study their bodies. I think one of the main fears was that a student might do something stupid and post a picture of themselves in the lab to Facebook or Twitter with some part of a cadaver's face going unnoticed in the background. No family needs to see their loved one after embalming and two months of dissection.

And while it would have been nice to take pictures to study from home, the atlases do a better job of displaying that information clearly. A picture of your cadaver's open chest wouldn't be of much use. It would require thousands upon thousands of photographs to be useful, so there's no sense doing that yourself if you can just [buy a book]( "my personal favorite") with the work already done.

u/Louis_de_Funes · 10 pointsr/medicalschool

Find your style, that's my biggest advice for success. My style was to watch all the lectures at 1.7-2x speed and jot down disorganized notes and diagrams on blank printer paper. I figured out early that I learn best by allowing myself the freedom to see the big picture, and then just build intuition about a subject. Didn't use anki except for biochem.

Anatomy I didn't watch or go to the lectures, for anatomy I spent tons of time trying to draw out diagrams from memory and then doing practice questions from that grays book. That grays book is gold, I highly recommend going through all the q and a for your block. It really does ask mostly high yield things.

u/Poop_Transplant · 7 pointsr/medicalschool

Netters flashcards are the best by far.

u/tryx · 7 pointsr/neuro

If you want the standard sequence of Neuroscience textbooks, there is a rough ordering of 3 common books. Each are very comprehensive and more than you would likely be able to read cover to cover, but they get more sophisticated and comprehensive as you go. The last one specifically is essentially the bible of neuroscience and you will be hard pressed to find a more comprehensive coverage of any of the topics outside a specialised textbooks or research papers.

These books will cover the general overview of neuroanatomy, physiology, pharmacology and pathology but if you want to go further in depth, there are more advanced books for each of those and dozens of other subfields.

  1. Purves - Neuroscience
  2. Bear - Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain
  3. Kandel - Principles of Neural Science

    I would specifically recommend Nolte - The human brain: an introduction to its functional anatomy as an exceptional example of a specialised text. Unfortunately, I do not recall the neurpharmacology text that I used, but it was very good too. I shall look it up and get back to you! For a more general introduction to pharmacology, the standard text is Rand and Dale - Pharmacology.
u/AnatomyGuy · 6 pointsr/askscience

A great pathology textbook would be Robbins et. al. Pathologic Basis of Disease. It was what we used in medical school, and I have no complaints about it.

Edit - You may find some of the biology, and chemistry, and anatomy and physiology, concepts are above your head without a college level chemistry/biology/A&P background.... Unfortunately, I do not know good texts to steer you to on basic biology and chemistry. Reguarding A&P my favorite book is Marieb.

Edit 2 - No need to apologize, you speak (or write) English quite well!

u/Frigax · 6 pointsr/medicine

I'm not sure what "non-textbook" means, but I highly recommend Constanzo's Physiology. It provides a good mix of detail and big-picture.

u/roland00 · 5 pointsr/ADHD

Let me explain why I brought up dyslexia as a common comorbidity of having problems expressing yourself and adhd, but first lets talk about language. I will get back to dyslexia and ADHD. Do note while my post is long, I provide lots of links to pictures.

I am going to be using a lot of images from a biology textbook called Biological Psychology: An Introduction to Behavorial, Cognitive, and Clinical Neuroscience. Mostly from Chapter 19 which deals with language, while I am going to provide specific images you may find it useful to read the visual summary if you want more info.




Put simply to do language you are going to use multiple regions of the brain together as a circuit. See here

You are going to use areas in the back of the brain tied to vision, then you are going to pass that information to a multisensory processing area where your brain combines the senses and figures out what to do (aka you are forming the visual images in your mind before you think of the words that correspond to the visual images). You are then going to pass the information once again to a multisensory processing area but this area is more auditory based, followed by you passing the information to a specific area of the frontal lobe that is very close to the prefrontal areas which is tied to language, but also attention, sequencing of data, and response inhibition (stopping impulsivity) but also activation (aka release the brake and now go). This information is then passed to premotor and supplementary motor areas which is then passed to the motor areas. And during all these steps there are inbetween fine tunning by the subcortical brain areas such as the cerebellum and the basal ganglia.

Now I was trying to explain all of that without using medical terms but here is the names for those brain areas



And here is a diagram that compares speaking a heard word and speaking a word you read off a piece of paper. When you are composing inside of your head without mental feedback and you are imaging what you are going to say your thought process looks more like speaking a word you read off a piece of paper for you use more of the visual areas to visualize in your mind's eye what you are going to do and say.




Now we know things like head injuries and lesions to specific brain injuries to specific brain injuries can all disrupt speech but if the area is localized to specific regions you may only have some problems with certain aspects of language. When language problems are caused by some form of trauma we call this aphasia.



And people with different types of aphasia may have different problems. Like a person with expressive aphasia may know what they want to say and they can draw what they want to say but they can't find the words for it. While people with receptive aphasia have problems understanding language. Now receptive aphasia can be more than this where people accidentally skip words in their explanations that are crucial in the sentence, or they have anomia where they know what they want to say (the word is on the tip of their tongue) but they can't remember it, or they do an unintentional word subsitution subsituting another word with a similar sound or meaning, sometimes they mess up not the grammar of the sentence but the word tense, or use the wrong pronoun (like her vs she)

  • A subtype of this with additional issues with the left and right half of the back of the brain not talking as well as they should is Dysprosody sometimes called foreign accent syndrome for you do not talk with the local accent / family accent. People with dysprosody have problems with the timing of sounds and things like rhythm, cadence, pitch, and movement of words. They can't tell when you are inflecting or not. This is quite important for they do not get a lot of important information in communication such as emotional tone and inflection which can rapidly changing the meaning of something. Most humans are annoyed by synthetic computer speak for it just sounds wrong, now imagine if everyone spoke like that and you were not familiar with what most of us would consider normal speaking.



    Now all of these issues I described were studied in people with head injuries. That said we see much the same pattern of behavior with many different types of disorders, one of which is autism, but another of which and is completely separate is dyslexia.

    Now with dyslexia many brain regions are implicated and some of them are the same areas I have shown above (go to slide 6)

    In many forms of dyslexia you are not using the back of the brain areas tied with the early visual information which is passed to the angular gyrus which is passed to the wernicke area. See picture

    And you are trying to compensate for all of this information with actually using more of the frontal lobe to compensate for these areas. Well the frontal lobe is not designed to do such a thing its arrangement and types of nerve cells are different.



    Now its not just that picture I showed you, its also some of the subcortical areas such as these areas I am about to post here

    Involving the thalamus and an area known as the pulvinar, as well as certain areas of the brainstem, and certain areas of the cerebellum mainly vermis 6 and vermis 7 (often labeled VI and VII)

    These parts of the cerebellum are used for multiple functions but they are often called the occular motor areas of the cerebellum. They are also involved with the control of attention and shifting smoothing from one object to another for one of the purposes of the cerebellum is to "fill in the blanks" between gaps. Imagine you were watch a film but instead of watching a video you were seeing slide by slide, well the cerebellum along with the thalamus and brain stem regions are used in the predicition of what is going to happen next and smooth movements of the eyes, while other areas in the frontal lobe are more involved with figuring out these things are important so why don't we set this as the new priority of what to look at and the rest of the brain figures out how best to move there.



    Now if you have not probably figured out there is a connection to all of these brain regions with ADHD. Some ADHD people have these issues, but if you have these issues you are also more likely to have ADHD.

    If you look at the previous chapter 18 of Biological Psychology you will see this picture on slide 6

    There are two attention networks here. The top attention network is known as the frontal parietal control network where it controls and and it also modulates the dorsal attention/perception network. While a second bottom network in orange involves the frontal lobe and connects to areas shared both with the temporal lobe and the parietal lobe where they meet and the surrounding areas, this bottom attention network is more with detecting new things and novel things, while the top network keeps you on track and looks for the goals held within working memory to solve the problems.

    If you have not noticed the same areas of the brain that make it hard to express onceself with language, are also the same areas that are common in dyslexia, and are the intersection of two of key networks tied with attention (now there are more than those two networks I just showed you with ADHD but now you understand why there is a connection.)

    (Now most of pictures I linked to came from Biological Psychology by Breedlove and Watson, this is an introductory college text meant for undergraduate use. It will not go into all the stuff involving the brain with attention and such, other books made by the same publishing company (Sinaeur) but done by other authors are better if you are mainly wanting to talk about attention instead of language such as

    Sensation and Perception

    Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases

    Dale Purves Neuroscience 5th Edition

    And Principles of Cognitive Neuroscience
u/5hade · 4 pointsr/IWantToLearn

I'm an MD in emergency medicine. Here is a broad list of things to choose from since your post is somewhat vague and I don't know your educational background from general public education (top of list) down to ultra detailed pathology textbooks and texts designed for specific specialties (which is like 12-16 years after high school)....

If you can give me an idea if any of this is near what you're looking for, I can expand that area x 10 easily. Off the top of my head:

1)There is a group who has created what is essentially some of the first medical podcasts and has grown into a massive platform. The original creator has since created a fairly casual podcast called "this won't hurt a bit" - it's an "edutainment" podcast around medical stuff.

2) This is a human physiology textbook (but kind of applies to animals as well), it's basically like a middle-college/university level knowledge base and provides fundamentals of how the body works, I actually used a version of this in my 2nd year of college in a class full of pre-med/vet/biomed researchers


3) If you're looking for a 1st/2nd year medical student level information in video review format (this is like a review format of the text below in #4):


4) If you're looking for seriously intense detail at a medical school level (this would be seriously overkill and probably difficult to digest without a college background but you mentioned textbook that goes into specific things):

This textbook basically explains the basis of most diseases from a pathologic basis. You essentially have to memorize most of this textbook in med school. This is the basis for every specialty of medicine.

5) for your own curiosity, then every specialty basically has one or two major texts for their education, one of EM's happens to be (I do not remotely recommend buying this but if you find something to preview or such it gives you an idea of how far the info wormhole goes):


6) Here is an EM youtube person who has been putting out really high quality educational content for years, lots of actual video from patients and explanations of what is going on if you're interested in just like... general random medical stuff in an educational entertainment video format:


Also don't forget there are other fields in medicine such as nursing, paramedic, PAs, bio-med research but I can't really speak towards those well.

u/antinumerical · 4 pointsr/physicianassistant

I am just about to graduate and am wrapping up my clinical time with a neurology office that I will be taking my first job at. Suggestions from the MD that I think are great:

Lange Clinical Neurology and Neuroanatomy

Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases


u/GRiZM0 · 4 pointsr/neurology

Neuroscientifically Challenged has a ton of 2-minute Neuroscience "crash course" videos that Ive always found really helpful. I was never successful in finding videos for neuroanatomy and I honestly don't think its the best approach for neuroanatomy, outside of dissection videos. Sorry I can't offer more help with videos but I can offer what I've found the most helpful with students I tutor..

I've seen a couple different atlases but this one is by far my favorite.. I just like the way they organize things. And if you buy it brand new (worth the $60 IMO), it comes with a disc or code to give you online access which provides you with 3D imaging.

Clinical Neuroanatomy made Ridiculously Simple - A classic, and for good reason. Its still highly recommended by people in the neuroscience community 40 years later.

u/oddlysmurf · 4 pointsr/neurology

The Blumenfeld neuroanatomy book is great, I read it during neuro residency. It goes through the anatomy as well as clinical cases.

Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases

u/sleepy_possums · 3 pointsr/StudentNurse

On mobile, I studied specifically for the exam about 30 mins - 1 hour per day for 14 consequetive days then all day yesterday. I took a crap ton of practice tests that were way harder than the actual test. The test itself is not tricky. It follows the pattern of having only 1 good answer choice. I did a lot of elimination based on two answer choices describing the same thing so you've really gotta study your science vocabulary.

I also just retook AP I and II and microbio simultaneously for a higher GPA so I got a lot of work with the material.

All the chemistry stuff was simple identification. Didn't have to memorize the periodic table or anything. Know the vocab. All necessary formulas were provided.

The English section was my lowest section (91%) I was so anxious about science that I didn't really study English much. Know all the sentence types, punctuation, and capitalization rules. I was rusty on a lot of it.

Book I used (has mistakes but I enjoyed finding them and correcting them, I also dumped a glass of wine on it and it recovered like a champ)

Most accurate practice tests I took, very similar to the exam and it has lottttts of questions and full practice tests.

ATI TEAS 6 Full Study Guide:
I worked through the science section cover to cover, took notes from it and all that.

Online tests I took
This one was difficult but gave explanations and a detailed score report.

u/jamienicole3x · 3 pointsr/prephysicianassistant

Yes! 1) PANCE Prep Pearls, 2) Step-Up To Medicine, 3) First Aid for the Psychiatry Clerkship, 4) Pathophysiology Made Ridiculously Simple, 5) Clinical Neuroanatomy Made Ridiculously Easy.

2) Don't be afraid to change your study habits. You probably won't study the same way you did in undergrad or even post-bacc. It's a whole new ballgame.

u/randysilva · 3 pointsr/medicalschool

there's a 5th edition coming out in august:

but for physio i would just stick with BRS (same author) + tons of practice questions. physio is one of the subjects where critical thinking and problem solving is more important so you need to do lots of practice questions...compared to something like micro which is mostly just buzzwords and memorization

u/kluver_bucy · 3 pointsr/neuro

Sidman's neuroanatomy

it's a fill in the blank book that looks deceptively simplistic, but if you want to be able to understand all the brainstem pathways and their development, to the point where you can draw them from memory and instantly localize neurological deficits, this is the single best neuroanatomy text i've ever used. buy some colored pencils too. don't bother with "modern", these pathways have been known for decades.

another decent one is Clinical Neuroanatomy Made Ridiculously Simple, which is pretty redundant with Sidman, but help if visual learning isn't your thing.

u/self-reliance · 3 pointsr/prephysicianassistant

I strongly recommend that you take some time to travel and enjoy yourself.
No matter what you do to prepare, you are going to be studying and working constantly. Every day will be a constant stream of new knowledge, to the point where anything you study beforehand about, say, EKG's, will need to be pushed out of your mind for starting two months of intensely focusing on the kidney or liver.
I was a kinesiology major focusing heavily on anatomy and physiology. I've worked in physical therapy, an ENT clinic as a scribe, shadowed, etc before school. Despite my history, I still had to re-learn everything in fields that I thought I knew according to the way I would be tested on it or for the boards. This is especially true concerning medications, your Pharmacology or Clin Med courses will tell you what you use to treat a disorder first line, no matter what you've seen in practice.

With that said, if you really are itching to read or prep, I suggest reading Pathophysiology Made Ridiculously Simple which is a great overview of all the components of physiology along with clever ways to remember them. This is a great reference to use during school.
You can also look through medical terminology, many programs will have you "test out" of this at the beginning to continue or it will help you to more quickly identify the disorders etc. in your lectures.

It never hurts to brush up on anatomy, this will be one of your more overwhelming courses content-wise.
good luck!

u/KnightofBaldMt · 3 pointsr/medicalschool

I asked this question a while back. I'm about to finish up the cardio section of our cardiopulm unit. In my opinion, it depends on how much time you have. How much time are you actually going to have to read this resource outside of lecture and study time?

I bought both Physiology by Costanzo and the mentioned Lilly Pathophys of Heart Disease. In my opinion, I liked Costanzo's book better. Disclaimer: I didn't have time to read all of Lilly's book. Costanzo has a whole chapter (fairly long though) and it does an amazing job of going through the physio. I would say it doesn't cover the ECG well (just describing waves and comparing them to phases of depolarization of the ventricle). That said, I would still use Costanzo if I had to do it over again.

u/NeuroMedSkeptic · 3 pointsr/neuro

It may be a bit specific/higher level than you are looking for as I used it in medical school, but I really liked Nolte's The Human Brain. It is a very readable and interesting text but may be more specific than what you are looking for (I may be able to scrounge up a pdf if you PM me)

Aside from that I also highly recommend Purves as others have. Another good one that deals with more of the brain behavior link and neuropsych side is Biological Psychology by Kalat.

Best of luck! I was a neuroscience undergrad and loved it.

Edit: look for used or one edition old if you want to buy them - will save you a lot

u/skulldriller · 3 pointsr/physicianassistant

The hand book of NSG is a must

Neurocritical Care is a must if you have a MICU/SICU

Neuroanatomy Through Clinical Cases is a good textbook which focuses on all the major points and many fine details you will need to know as you go through your career. I use this book when I make lectures.

You'll also want to read some review articles on ICP management, vasospasm dx and tx following SAH, hypertonic saline, neuro imaging.

There are some youtube videos that will help get you started with imaging:

For Head CT

For C-spine CT

For MRI in general

For Lumbar MRI

I recommend referring back to these resources as you see patients with the afflictions as it will help it stick. If you just read about things without using them in practice I think you'll find it is easily forgotten. Best of luck!

u/anhydrous_echinoderm · 3 pointsr/medicalschool

I 100% agree with priming with pathoma, though I would also say that this would be an excellent alternate in terms of a primer.

u/caramelarose · 3 pointsr/step1

I'm currently taking anatomy and the [High Yield Anatomy] ( has been a life saver.

It's the best: concise & practical. Much better than BRS, much better than my textbook (Moore's.)

Standalone it's not enough though. I would complement it with an Atlas, Netter's is what I'm using, and practice questions. I like Gray's.

Kaplan lecture videos have been immensely helpful in understanding both the anatomy & embryology. I recommend them immensely. But if you don't want to opt for a subscription, the Noted Anatomist on YouTube will help you digest the High Yield review book. (I would opt for the subscription though.)

Our Med school's anatomy and embryology course is not only conjoined, but lasts a total of three-months. So if you want to cram anatomy, yet learn it well, consider what I write.

Best of luck :)

u/CWMD · 3 pointsr/medicine

I would avoid test-prep books then-- those tend to skim the surface of things like pathophys and always seem to be more focused on important facts and associations, etc., and not on the science.

Sadly there is no quick answer for getting better at pathophys (it takes 2 years to cover the basics in med school). Working in an ED you don't have massive amounts of time to read either. As a resident I find myself wanting to review stuff all the time but am pretty busy too, so with that in mind, my recommendations would be:

-UpToDate/Dynamed/Medscape/etc. usually have nice sections in their articles on the pathophysiology of various conditions. The temptation is to skip to the "diagnosis" or "management" sections but there is usually some good stuff in those articles that you can read on the fly

-For critical illness and general physiology, The ICU Book is great and not too dry a read. If you want much more in depth stuff on medical conditions, Harrison's Internal Medicine is a great resource but reads like a phonebook sometimes. If you care about the microscopic level, Robbins & Cotran is basically all the pathology for the non-pathologist you will ever need- can also be a bit dry at times too.

-Look up the mechanism of action of meds you don't know about (Micromedex smart phone app is great for that)

-When you consult someone because you are unsure about something, ask them about what is going on (subspecialists are usually not shy about dropping knowledge if you ask for it); it may also help prevent future un-needed consults which they appreciate

Hope this helps.

u/thtrtechie · 3 pointsr/ems

The Anatomy/Physiology Coloring book is pretty great especially for self-study:

The absolute best in anatomy diagrams is Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy, I prefer the flashcards:

u/ANGRY_TWAT · 3 pointsr/medicalschool

I posted this in another thread but seriously try this question book. It was money for my exams.

u/coasttablet · 3 pointsr/medicalschool

Either the BRS or Physiology, both by Linda Costanzo. they're quite similar, if you prefer bulletpoints then BRS, if you're more into text (and nicer illustrations) then Physiology

u/rescue_1 · 3 pointsr/ems

This is what I used in school

It can be a bit overwhelming at first (and even after that haha), there are some good youtube videos and stuff that can help as well.

u/drdking · 2 pointsr/medicalschool

Netter's Atlas if you just want a big book with lots of great drawings of everything.

The text book has all the background information and clinical correlations, but often not as many, or smaller images. Netter's Clinical Anatomy is good if you want something a bit slimmer and simpler that still has all the basic anatomy. If you want something more beefy I highly recommend Moore's Clinical Oriented Anatomy. It's a big book, but it has everything in it you could want.

Netter's Atlas

Netter's Clinical

Moore's Clinically Oriented Anatomy

u/DeckOfPandas · 2 pointsr/premed

Sompayrac -- How the immune system works:

u/Moose_knuckle69 · 2 pointsr/ems

Honestly, keep doing what you’re doing. Hold yourself accountable, and take those mistakes as an opportunity to learn about something. When you “do something stupid” make a mental note to not do it again, or focus on how you will do whatever it is next time. Also if you want some good bang for your buck reading, look no further...

Seriously, they even have silly drawings that help illustrate body systems and whatnot, it’s one of my favorite reads.

u/SongeeX · 2 pointsr/step1

I really liked Costanzo's Physiology ( book. It's well written and I believe detailed enough while being not too long. It is easy to read and understand.

u/spenceredelstei · 2 pointsr/neuroscience

Blumenfeld's book is generally really good for that kind of stuff.

u/Ansel_Adams · 2 pointsr/medicalschool

Everyone basically just goes through the lecture slides +/- random Googling and UpToDate. (Maybe looking at the odd textbook if something is suggested, but usually they're more "reference" books and not great "teaching" books.)

I really wish I had come across this sub sooner (like M1) because having recommendations like Costanzo (physiology), How the Immune System Works, as well as the usual Pathoma, B&B, etc. would have been amazing to supplement lectures that weren't so great.

In terms of what we're really missing out on though, I think the single most useful thing is probably QBanks. It's hard to walk into exams without ever having had practice questions to do before so depending on your goals (like if you want to write Step or not) UWorld / Rx / Kaplan might be something to consider.

I used Anki on and off, but it was honestly really difficult to pick out what details we'd actually be tested on based on our lecture material so it wasn't always a great use of time.

u/Medicine4u · 2 pointsr/medicalschool

This is one of the few textbooks I recommend students actually purchase and read. It's phenomenal and made neuroanatomy my favorite class during M1 year. The reviews don't lie

u/Zephryl · 2 pointsr/Neuropsychology

Blumenfeld's Neuroanatomy Through Clinical Cases is the classic text, and deservedly so.

The Human Brain Coloring Book is a fun, but surprisingly educational and detailed, resource.

u/Laeno · 2 pointsr/medicalschool

Netter's is great.

Also, as others have said, don't study, enjoy the summer.

When you ignore us, just try to limit it to going over Netter's Flashcards:

u/Rosselman · 2 pointsr/pcmasterrace

Here's where I learned my stuff.. Sadly copyright prevents me from linking it, but there's free sources out there. PubMed has a ton of papers about aging mechanisms.

u/janebot · 2 pointsr/medicalschool

Like the other commenter says, you don't really need to buy a book to get that information, but if you want to, Moore's Clinically Oriented Anatomy is probably closer to what you're looking for.

u/[deleted] · 2 pointsr/herbalism

Part 2:

Anatomy and Physiology

u/Cavellian · 2 pointsr/Anatomy
  1. Overall, I highly recommend getting some sort of undergrad level physiology book to study along with anatomy. Knowing Latin suffixes and prefixes really help too. I personally use Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems and Textbook of Medical Physiology.

    2a. Seems to me that "investing" is defined as a subcategory of "deep", based on what you quoted. Like if you have deep fascia with certain branches that invest/dig deeper into a particular group of muscles. It just comes back to the definition of "investing". I personally wouldn't worry so much about differentiating between them. The focus is more of the fact that they're fascia and they have specific functions depending on where they are.

    2b. Soma relates to a wall. Analogy: soma is a box; viscera is the stuff you put into the box.
u/randommedstudent14 · 2 pointsr/medicalschool

The quality of the images in Gray's for students is second to none. That said, you should just get the atlas that those images are taken from

Having done a lot of anatomy, I would say that if you need a textbook, get Moore's Clinically Oriented Anatomy and also get the Thieme atlas. The text in Moore's is better than Gray's, and the Thieme atlas is unmatched, even by Netter.

u/benderjim · 2 pointsr/biology

How the Immune System Works (The How it Works Series)

I purchased this multiple times, it is very concise and readable. It's also up to date in a field that is constantly changing.

u/musicalwoods · 2 pointsr/neuro

Med student here. I honestly can't say whether this is layman enough, but reading through the clinical cases made this subject a lot more enjoyable.


u/Joshua_Naterman · 2 pointsr/medicalschoolanki

Costanzo is really what you need.


It is a pretty easy read, and it gives excellent well-rounded basic science in a fairly easy-to-digest format.


If you want a second companion book, I would get "Pathophysiology of Disease: An Introduction to Clinical Medicine" published by Lange, authors Gary D. Hammer and Stephen J. Mcphee. It is excellent, high yield for boards, and a great integration.


I own it, and it's one of the few books I actually used regularly besides Constanzo and Pathoma. The few bad ratings are typically from nurses, which makes sense... this isn't written for nursing students or NPs, it's written for MDs. The extra basic science knowledge we have (are supposed to have, anyways) makes the difference IMO.

Seriously, it's a great buy. The new edition comes out in 2 weeks, not sure if there are any major changes. I have the 7e, which is 56 bucks now vs the 86 for the new edition.


THis would be an excellent book to develop an Anki deck around IMO.

u/Emtochka · 1 pointr/AskReddit

I don't really know what's a freshman, but try Pocket Atlas of Human Anatomy and Color Atlas of Physiology.

They are like the little (somewhat unknown) brothers of the other recommended here, but they can become extremely useful. When I need to understand something I go to the small, easy to handle, simple books, and once I've understood that, I dig in the others to get more information.

If you want something bigger, Gray's Anatomy for Students and Prometheus are simply great. In Physiology... I've never really liked Guyton, but it's a good book.

u/cooltrumpet · 1 pointr/premed

Don't bother, you'll get enough of it in med school haha.

As far as I know, one of the gold standards for anatomy is the Frank H Netter material. There's a nice Atlas of Human Anatomy (keep in mind an atlas usually doesn't have information about the functions of any anatomy, just the names), and study cards (even referenced here).

Gray's Anatomy is good (obviously), but really long. The student's version may be shorter/more manageable.

My undergrad class used Grant's Atlas of Anatomy/Grant's Dissector, and a Human Anatomy textbook. They were not bad as well. Anatomy material is always pretty dry.

If you can, maybe see what your school uses? That way you won't start reading and then have to switch to a different book (though I suppose extra reading is never a bad thing).

And congrats again on getting into med school!

u/drkrr · 1 pointr/Anki

Much appreciated!

I actually plan to study medicine myself, and I've seen the flashcard flow chart. From your post, I take it you recommend beginning with zanki, and thus relying on Pathoma and Sketchy?

It'll be a few years until I'll start studying, but I've been thinking about—as a primer—doing Incremental Reading on these first.

u/Non_Toxique · 1 pointr/neuro

That depends on where you're at.

For an introductory text, we used Nolte. I hated it at the time (it's not economic with the prose... as if NA isn't enough of a headache), but in retrospect it was still pretty good and I often return to it. Also bang up Scholar for review articles (if you have access) on the functional neuroanatomy of whatever region you're interested.

u/embrace_logic · 1 pointr/diabetes

Lange Pathophysiology of Disease ( EDIT: Has a good section on diabetes but is also expensive with a ton of additional diseases. I can try to take some pictures of the diabetes section if youd like.

This is a good youtube video on the different classes of medication:

The basics come down to Type I is autoimmune: your body has created antibodies for the beta cells in the pancreas, the cells that produce insulin, which tags the cells for destruction by the immune system.
Type II: Caused by decrease insulin secretion and insulin resistance; meaning that the insulin produced by the pancreas does not stimulate cells to take up glucose. Central adipose tissue (belly fat) promotes the insulin resistance (a number of cytokines and other factors are released, I can give more info if you want). Interestingly, Type II has a stronger genetic component than Type I.

Let me know if you have any other questions. This is really basic but I think gives a good general idea of what is going on.

u/atomichumbucker · 1 pointr/neuro

depends on how much time you have... Kandel's text is very thorough, very detailed, and perhaps more than you'll need. Good if you're doing a PhD, or specific research. Way too much to it justice if you only have one semester in an undergrad course.

The first text is pretty common, but does not go into specific details as deeply. Still it gives plenty of information about pathways, reflexes, functions, and such.

If you are studying neuro for clinical reasons, this is a good resource as well.

u/HarleyWorkin · 1 pointr/step1

I’m a big fan of how this book describes the fundamentals so clearly. It’s fairly quick read and it doesn’t get into the weeds.

How the Immune System Works (The How it Works Series)

u/SoulOfABartender · 1 pointr/Immunology

Janeway's a great reference for a uni course but can be very verbose/dry if you're just starting or doing it for pleasure. I recommend Sompayrac she does a great job of explaining the core concepts in an easy to grasp manner which you will need before you go deeper.

u/austinjb555 · 1 pointr/biology

This may or may not be something you are looking for, but it definitely was way too in-detail for my pharmacy school's physiology course. If you have taken biochemistry, this should be a lot more understandable, but it really does dive deep into the specifics. I also really like the layout of the book as a whole and of each page. You can click on "look inside" and see for yourself the layout of the pages and see how much detail it goes into even on things like negative feedback (servocontrol? I've never even heard of that...).

u/makkekkazzo · 1 pointr/books

I didn't remember any parituclarly so I made a random research and this is what came out for Robbins and Coltran Pathologic Basis of Disease. As you see there are some that, as normal, are cheaper than the new one but others arrive at 200 puonds. I've never contacted a sellers because I've found cheaper versions.

u/Otiac · 1 pointr/moderatepolitics

Here are three textbooks that cover that a zygote is a unique, living, human life.

Care to provide any sort of statement on why, exactly, a zygote, which is scientifically human, alive, and unique, is not a human life? If you want to argue personhood, that's not science, that's philosophy of the mind, and we can go down some dark paths about what constitutes a human. If you want to argue science, there's no argument to be made.

Even people like Peter Singer concede this, because there's nothing to be argued against it. People that want to try and argue against it are trying to morally rationalize their decisions or wants, at least be consistent with it.

u/koreanbeefcake · 1 pointr/biology

I used this in undergrad. It is written with good analogies to understand. really helped me get the basics understood before we hit the hard stuff.

u/pericylic · 1 pointr/medicalschool

Neuroanatomy through clinical cases- Blumenfield

this is THE book for neuroanatomy. I sat down read the whole thing for my neurology clerkship and got 99th percentile on the shelf, wish I had used this thing in first year - its money. Yes its a text book but if you get through it especially the clinical cases at the end of capters , you'll know the foundations cold- all important for anything neuro related that comes after M1 since clinical neurology is pretty tied, unlike alot of the other fields to its groundwork basics.

If you just want to see anatomy anatomy, its got good pics and cross sections too.

u/eatinglotsofcheese · 1 pointr/neuro

People love the text Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases --


You can find it much cheaper on other websites!

u/Kivilla · 1 pointr/nursing

I took mine yesterday and scored a 93. It's not hard if you know your stuff.

Definitely know your A&P, grammar rules, and review math if you need too. Practice questions are the best way to prepare for the reading section.

If you want more recommendations/info:
My prep was 3 weeks, studying 6 hrs a day 3 days each week. (~54 hrs dedicated time) plus I'd review A&P at work when I had the time. But I took A&P 3 yrs ago so I was quite rusty.

As far as prep tools I used the trivium book and the smart edition book that comes with 5 tests ( I like the smart edition book better and felt the practice test were similar to the actually test. But both were helpful, and I liked having 2 different POVs on the same material. They both are about $25, so figure out what your budget is.

There are a lot of free practice test online. I'd look for a diagnostic test (smart edition has one) and find out what you need to focus on.

I personally thought that ATI's prep resources were overpriced and didn't purchase any. Other forums have also indicated that their practice tests have some errors. And while I'm on that. Errors were not uncommon in any of the prep materials I used. There were both answer key issues and answer reasoning issues. So if something seems off just look closely.

Good luck!

u/plonkydonks · 1 pointr/neuro

I would recommend this book, Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases by Moore. We used it for medical school and I found it particularly useful.

u/happybuterfli · 1 pointr/neuroscience

Clinical Neurology Made Ridiculously Simple

Clinical Neuroanatomy Made Ridiculously Simple

u/Verapamil123 · 1 pointr/medicalschool

Sketch out all the tracts and do a ton of practice questions. Look at the tracts you draw and imagine lesions at various parts and reason out what the clinical presentations are.

Some good resources are:

Dr Najeeb's videos (Although long but if you have the time, really helpful!) (this book is pretty good too)

u/MrNorc · 1 pointr/TumblrInAction

>There's been evidence that the brain initiates a response prior to the stimulus that would elicit that response occurring. Don't have the study/research at the moment, but it came up when I was studying philosophy. It's interesting if nothing else.

Ironically it is not I who has misunderstood. The OP was referring to the "Phasic responses of DA neurons" and rather than take the time to understand the subject matter...

Practical Guide for Clinical Neurophysiologic Testing

Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases

Neuroanatomy in Clinical Context: An Atlas of Structures, Sections, Systems, and Syndromes

Instead he/she labels the study (which is a work of conjecture) to be 100% factual and the authority on the matter and sees fit to then begin translating this information to another subject entirely. Much in the same way that a motorcycle enthusiastic might try to apply rocket science to his/her craft.

There is a world of difference between practicing science and claiming that you practice science. I was not dismissing a study because it was mentioned in a philosophy class- I was dismissing a study because it was mentioned 'By Philosophers'.

u/WinstonSmith123 · 1 pointr/medicine

I'm personally a huge fan of Blumenfeld's Neuroanatomy Through Clinical Cases

u/DownAndOutInMidgar · 1 pointr/medicine

I have a 1-page cheat sheet which has a 4-step process with relevant equations and most common DDx if you want it. I made it after reading Acid-Base, Fluids, and Electrolytes Made Ridiculously Simple.

u/charlesca · 1 pointr/medicalschool

I had this version and they were useless (for me)

u/Rogueswisher91 · 1 pointr/keto
u/realniggasstandup · 0 pointsr/atheism

Did your ATHEISM RULEZ blogs teach you how to roleplay? Lol, calling yourself a bio major and not recognizing the different between cells and organisms.

What you won't read in your ATHEISM RULEZ blogs:

Human development starts at conception; it's an established biological fact.

>Human development is the process of growing to maturity. In biological terms, this entails growth from a one-celled zygote to an adult human being.

>The dynamic process by which the single-cell human embryo (called a zygote (zi’got),1 becomes a 100 trillion-cell (1014) adult2 is perhaps the most remarkable phenomenon in all of nature.3 We invite you to join us as we review the beginning of this remarkable process.

>Long before we are born, most body parts found in the adult and all body systems are present and most routine body functions are operative.4 By studying human development from fertilization to birth, we will see these body parts and body systems emerge and learn when many routine body functions begin.5 Human development is a continuous process beginning with fertilization and continuing throughout pregnancy, birth, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and into old age.

#1 selling Embryology book

>Literally, embryology refers to the study of embryos; however, the term generally means prenatal development of embryos and fetuses. Developmental anatomy refers to the structural changes of a person from fertilization to adulthood.


>"Development of the embryo begins at Stage 1 when a sperm fertilizes an oocyte and together they form a zygote."
[England, Marjorie A. Life Before Birth. 2nd ed. England: Mosby-Wolfe, 1996, p.31]

>"Human development begins after the union of male and female gametes or germ cells during a process known as fertilization (conception).
"Fertilization is a sequence of events that begins with the contact of a sperm (spermatozoon) with a secondary oocyte (ovum) and ends with the fusion of their pronuclei (the haploid nuclei of the sperm and ovum) and the mingling of their chromosomes to form a new cell. This fertilized ovum, known as a zygote, is a large diploid cell that is the beginning, or primordium, of a human being."
[Moore, Keith L. Essentials of Human Embryology. Toronto: B.C. Decker Inc, 1988, p.2]

>"Embryo: the developing organism from the time of fertilization until significant differentiation has occurred, when the organism becomes known as a fetus."
[Cloning Human Beings. Report and Recommendations of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission. Rockville, MD: GPO, 1997, Appendix-2.]

>"Embryo: An organism in the earliest stage of development; in a man, from the time of conception to the end of the second month in the uterus."
[Dox, Ida G. et al. The Harper Collins Illustrated Medical Dictionary. New York: Harper Perennial, 1993, p. 146]

>"Embryo: The early developing fertilized egg that is growing into another individual of the species. In man the term 'embryo' is usually restricted to the period of development from fertilization until the end of the eighth week of pregnancy."
[Walters, William and Singer, Peter (eds.). Test-Tube Babies. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1982, p. 160]

>"The development of a human being begins with fertilization, a process by which two highly specialized cells, the spermatozoon from the male and the oocyte from the female, unite to give rise to a new organism, the zygote."
[Langman, Jan. Medical Embryology. 3rd edition. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1975, p. 3]

>"Embryo: The developing individual between the union of the germ cells and the completion of the organs which characterize its body when it becomes a separate organism.... At the moment the sperm cell of the human male meets the ovum of the female and the union results in a fertilized ovum (zygote), a new life has begun.... The term embryo covers the several stages of early development from conception to the ninth or tenth week of life."
[Considine, Douglas (ed.). Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia. 5th edition. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1976, p. 943]

>"I would say that among most scientists, the word 'embryo' includes the time from after fertilization..."
[Dr. John Eppig, Senior Staff Scientist, Jackson Laboratory (Bar Harbor, Maine) and Member of the NIH Human Embryo Research Panel -- Panel Transcript, February 2, 1994, p. 31]

>"The development of a human begins with fertilization, a process by which the spermatozoon from the male and the oocyte from the female unite to give rise to a new organism, the zygote."
[Sadler, T.W. Langman's Medical Embryology. 7th edition. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins 1995, p. 3]

>"The question came up of what is an embryo, when does an embryo exist, when does it occur. I think, as you know, that in development, life is a continuum.... But I think one of the useful definitions that has come out, especially from Germany, has been the stage at which these two nuclei [from sperm and egg] come together and the membranes between the two break down."
[Jonathan Van Blerkom of University of Colorado, expert witness on human embryology before the NIH Human Embryo Research Panel -- Panel Transcript, February 2, 1994, p. 63]

>"Zygote. This cell, formed by the union of an ovum and a sperm (Gr. zyg tos, yoked together), represents the beginning of a human being. The common expression 'fertilized ovum' refers to the zygote."
[Moore, Keith L. and Persaud, T.V.N. Before We Are Born: Essentials of Embryology and Birth Defects. 4th edition. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1993, p. 1]

>"The chromosomes of the oocyte and sperm are...respectively enclosed within female and male pronuclei. These pronuclei fuse with each other to produce the single, diploid, 2N nucleus of the fertilized zygote. This moment of zygote formation may be taken as the beginning or zero time point of embryonic development."
[Larsen, William J. Human Embryology. 2nd edition. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1997, p. 17]

>"Although life is a continuous process, fertilization is a critical landmark because, under ordinary circumstances, a new, genetically distinct human organism is thereby formed.... The combination of 23 chromosomes present in each pronucleus results in 46 chromosomes in the zygote. Thus the diploid number is restored and the embryonic genome is formed. The embryo now exists as a genetic unity."
[O'Rahilly, Ronan and M�ller, Fabiola. Human Embryology & Teratology. 2nd edition. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1996, pp. 8, 29. This textbook lists "pre-embryo" among "discarded and replaced terms" in modern embryology, describing it as "ill-defined and inaccurate" (p. 12}]

>"Almost all higher animals start their lives from a single cell, the fertilized ovum (zygote)... The time of fertilization represents the starting point in the life history, or ontogeny, of the individual."
[Carlson, Bruce M. Patten's Foundations of Embryology. 6th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996, p. 3]


So if you're going to role play, at least make it more believable.

u/AceOfSpades70 · -1 pointsr/Ohio

20% of people who are non-religious identify as pro-life....

There are also plenty of pro-life doctors and scientists...

Just because you haven't educated yourself on the full scope of the topic, does not mean those view points opposed to yours do not exist.