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Top comments that mention products on r/PersonalFinanceCanada:

u/elbyron · 4 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

My recommendation is that you take the plunge and get your retirement fund invested in super-low-cost ETFs with a discount brokerage like Questrade. Tangerine and eSeries are great for starting out, but you've got a considerable portfolio now and it will really benefit from optimizing costs.
Here's your breakdown with Management Expense Ratios and US Foreign Withholding Tax:

Fund|Assets|MER|US FWT
Tangerine Balanced (TFSA)|$30k|1.07%|.04%
Tangerine Equity Growth (RRSP)|$38k|1.07%|.07%
TD e US equities (RRSP)|$55k|0.5%|0.22%
TD e CDN equities (RRSP)|$12K|0.33%|N/A

Weighted average MER + FWT: 0.89%
Amount paid in fees over 25 years of growth: $149,860 (assumes annual contributions of $5K and growth rate of 6%)
Value after 25 years: $698,864
Amount paid in fees over next 25 years of withdrawals: $172,287 (assumes withdrawals of $41.6K and growth rate of 4%)
Retirement income: $41,597

Now, if you were to move all your funds to Questrade and buy ETFs that track the same (or similar) indexes as you currently have:

VAB: Canadian Aggregate Bond (TFSA)|$12k|.13%|N/A
VCN: FTSE Canada All Cap (TFSA)|$30.5k|.06%|N/A
VTI: US Total Stock Market (RRSP)|$73.5k|.05%|Exempt
VEA: FTSE Developed Markets (RRSP)|$18.5K|.09%|Exempt

Weighted average MER (no FWT): 0.065%
Amount paid in MER fees over 25 years: $11,931

Cost to transfer RRSP from Tangerine: $45
Cost to transfer TFSA from Tangerine: $45
Cost to transfer RRSP from TD: $75
Cost of Norbert's gambit on $92K: ~$194
Initial investment after fees: $134,641

Cost of Norbert's gambit on $3400 annually (68% of $5K contributions): ~$17/yr
Annual contribution after fees: $4890
Value after 25 years (after fees): $830,869

Cost of MER fees over next 25 years (assumes withdrawals of $54.1K and growth rate of 4%): $15,303
Cost of commissions to sell holdings in retirement annually: $40/yr
Cost of Norbert's gambit (back to CAD) on $37K (68% of retirement income): ~$84/yr
Retirement Income (drawdown over 25 years) after fees: $53,994/yr

One thing that isn't taken into account is that as you age, you'll want to shift the allocations more into bonds to protect the capital, but it won't make a huge difference to the fees and costs. What will make a difference is changes to the MER costs of each fund, but there's no way to predict that. I'm also assuming that Questrade continues to provide commission-free purchases of ETFs, and that their sell commission remains maxed at $10 (probably will go up, but who knows when or how much).

Basically, for a little extra effort, you can cut your $322K in costs down to about $27K! Let's say it takes you an extra ~5 hours of time spent learning how to use Questrade and learning about Norbert's gambit, and it takes an extra 4 hours per year to do the gambit and execute trades. Then you're spending 205 hours over 50 years to earn $295,000. That's like getting paid $1439/hr! And that's tax-free, because it's paid to you in the form of increased earnings in your TFSA and RRSP. Another way to look at it is in terms of retirement income: $41.6K/yr with your current portfolio vs $54K/yr with ETFs. What would you do with an extra $12,400 per year? A trip to Africa? A month-long Caribbean cruise?

I really don't know how much you're setting aside for retirement, $5K was just a guess. If you instead contributed $10K/year, you'd be looking at retirement income of $55.6K for the current portfolio vs $71.6K using ETFs.

So where do you start? Well, I recommend you read The Value of Simple, which you can get from Chapters, Amazon, or from the author's website. It's a great eBook that will teach you what you need to know, and guide you through the steps of DIY investing using Questrade. If you need further assistance setting up Questrade or anything else, I'd be happy to help. I went through the transition from eSeries to Questrade just a couple years ago, and am on my way to a much richer retirement!

u/Kassul42 · 4 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

tl;dr, my advice would be to take 3 deep breaths and not be in a huge rush. Don't dilly dally for no reason, but take a little while and educate yourself on what options you have. The reading list in the sidebar is a very good start. Stuff like Millionaire Teacher(new version just came out this year) will help you understand what you're investing in, why you would chose one method to invest over others, etc... Spending a few bucks on those books(or better yet, get as many as you can from a local library) will save you a heck of a lot over the course of your life.

You certainly can invest through CIBC. Either through an advisor there, or a self-directed system where you control things more directly.

But just because you have a savings account with CIBC doesn't you don't need to invest with them though! You have a few different options besides them.

An increasingly popular method is to use a roboadvisor like Wealthsimple. They charge a % of the value of your investments as their take, but they also do all the buying and selling and whatnot for you which might help keep you from doing something Silly(a lot of folks do). Silly things might include putting all your money into whatever country/sector/company has been really hot lately under the assumption that it'll keep going up forever(it probably wont!)

Or to save a bit more money you can open an account with TD and invest using their e-series mutual funds. They're quite cheap in terms of fees(for Canadian mutual funds anyway, we're used to paying through the nose for stuff like this).
Once you have that account set up you just pay your TD account number through CIBC's bill payment just like you would a phone bill or whatnot. Then once they money is in your TFSA/RRSP/Taxable account you use them to buy the appropriate funds.

Then if/when you want to really save some cash, and can be online during 'market hours' going to Questrade is a popular choice. That way you can use rock-bottom cost Exchange Traded Funds(think mutual funds, but they trade like individual stocks) and you aren't paying any significant fees to buy those.

But seriously, read a couple of those books(and make one of them Millionaire Teacher). If the how-to of investing with TD or Tangerine or Questrade is confusing to you, or you want more info on that sort of thing, The Value of Simple is a good book to get too. The e-book version gets more updates due to the realities of printing costs, but the author has a bunch of new/edited info on their website.

Finally, as to WHAT to invest in, most folks in here follow something along the lines of a Couch Potato strategy.

u/bman2017 · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

You have a few things going for you:

  1. you acknowledge you made a mistake

  2. you asked for help

  3. your ready willing and able to learn.

    Give some poor advice (like buying whole life insurance :p ) and you will see just how unpolite this sub can be!

    It isnt just about finding a low cost option but a fundamentally different investment approach called indexed investing. The average canadian who pays 2.5% MER is invested in an actively managed approach (they try and beat the market average, but after fees a vast majority are unable to). The indexed approach can range in cost from 1.07%mer to as low as 0.15% mer depending on how hands on you want to get (and there is nothing wrong with paying a slightly higher mer to keep things simple). The indexed approach: own every stock in the market and guarantee the average return of the stock market. No expensive research into which stock will outperform = low fees. After fees, over a 10 year period, indexed investing consistantly beat 85% of investors. So for 1/7 people, paying the high fee pays off. Obviously there is no way of picking the fund that will do this in advance, otherwise everyone would.

    I recommend you start reading the wealthy barber returns. Tangerine bank was giving it away for free until december 31st 2016 but it looks like it isnstill free on their website. It is a book more on basics of personal finance.

    The canadian couch potato blog is like the bible of this subreddit.

    If your looking for another more advanced book (more on the investing side), try the millionaire teacher

    Highly recommended books.
u/Kusatteiru · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

The one I bought is the Merkur 34C, it is pricy and if you have larger hands. The Merku4 34C will feel small. Select the 38C, as it has a longer handle.

The other one I have seen people recommend it the Edwing Jagger DE89lbl. I think either one will work fine. If you can get to a House of Knives or a Tommy gun's I think they will have them on display so you can handle them.

Please note, unlike your normal cartridge razors, these razors are top heavy. It takes a bit of practice to be able to shave well, quickly and not cut yourself. Since the weight is at the top, you need less overall pressure to shave. Also I would really recommend that you sign up for one of those razor blade clubs, that way you have a large selection of blades to try. Not all razor blades are the same. I use feather because I read they are really good but aggressive blades. I had no idea what that meant. It just means you gotta be careful. My SO kept going "i see you cut yourself again" for a good 3 months. While I learned how to shave with both the razor and the blade combination. The razor itself will come with a blade, and the others you will have to try on your own. Looking back, I should have signed up for a "gift box" of blades to try a couple of brands instead of just going "I'll just use Feather because the internet said it was good."

Good Luck.

Also not using alcohol based aftershave and shaving foam has been great for my face. I use shaving soap, and some baby oil.

u/Bryn_ · 114 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

I highly recommend reading The Wealthy Renter:

Re: "paying rent for nothing" - You're always paying some form of 'rent'. To be super simplistic "Rent" is payment made for the use of something.

  1. If I'm renting a house, the math is pretty obvious... my rent is whatever rent I pay, plus any utilities or insurance. My principle form of rent is the literal rent and is paid to the landlord.
    There's no investment I get from it, it's just money I pay to use the space.

  2. If I'm buying a house, the math is less obvious. My rent is a combination of the financing interest, utilities, taxes, and maintenance+condo fees. Usually for schmucks like us the principle form of rent is financing interest (and condo fees) and is paid to the bank (and condo corp).
    There is also an investment I get from it - the mortgage principal payment, and any gain/loss in the value of the home.

  3. If I own a house with no mortgage, I'm still paying rent. In this case, I'm paying the same utilities/taxes/maintenance fees as in #2, and I have another primary rent cost: opportunity cost.
    So for example, if my house is worth $300K, instead of having that $300,000 in an investment account making a conservative 5% annual compound return, I have it tied up in an asset (the house). The math is complicated and assumption laden, but in this scenario the simplest calculation of my opportunity cost rent is ($300,000 x 5% return / 12 months = $1250 per month).
    The investment I get from this is any gain/loss in value of my asset (aka house).

    Sorry if that seems a bit pedantic, but I think it's an important linguistic distinction because we're always told (usually from our parents' generation) "don't pay someone else's mortgage with your rent". But the reality is that we always pay rent no matter what. What actually matters is being smart about the numbers and understanding your own assumptions and risk tolerance/comfort levels. I find most people who own really don't know their actual full cost of ownership or their 'rent' cost, but think it's worthwhile information to figure out and think about.
u/bwwatr · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

I suggest you start by not asking for stock tips on Reddit, or anywhere else for that matter. If you don't have your own very good reasons to invest in a specific stock, you should not be investing in individual stocks at all. Investing is a game of risk vs reward, of the mathematical properties of diversified portfolios, and of mastering one's own behaviour. It isn't about getting the scoop on the next winner, nor is it really even possible for retail investors to have an information advantage over the rest of the market.

In my opinion, literally everything you need to know about being a successful long-term investor can be found in the friendly, fun and Canadian book Millionaire Teacher.

u/adammcnamara · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada
  1. Set up a self-directed RRSP (SDRSP) account with TD Discount Brokerage.
  2. Set up automatic withdrawals from your chequing account to your RRSP account using a TD systematic investment plan (SIP).
  3. Set up a balanced investment portfolio. My preference was the Canadian Couch Potato Global Couch Potato - Option 2.

    At $120,000/year pre-tax, you should be saving a significant portion of your income. I'd suggest reading:

  • I Will Teach You To Be Rich by Ramit Sethi. It's about automatic savings and conscious spending. It's aimed at a US audience, but the lessons apply.
  • The Millionaire Next Door by Thomas Stanley. It discusses millionaires: who they are, how they look, and how they think.

    Edit: It really depends on what your financial goals are, and the time horizon on each. My advice would be to save and invest much of what you make today.

  1. Time value of money is on your side. Don't wait.
  2. At $120,000/year, you're approaching the highest marginal tax rate. Contributing to your RRSP now will make the most use of the tax deferral.
  3. Setting up an automatic savings or investing program now will help prevent the urge to splurge on things you may not need. Such is the nature of having free cash on hand.
u/balrogwarrior · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Do a tonne of reading. A lot of things are US based but the principles apply to Canada too. Read the investing for beginners info at to get a grasp. Joshua Kennon is a pretty smart guy when it comes to investing and business but he really just follows the principles of Benjamin Graham (Warren Buffet's mentor). Security Anaylsis is very good as well as The Intelligent Investor.

u/MeSoSawsy · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Hey! I just started investing as well. I jumped straight into ETFs for various reasons.

I think your idea is great. I wanted to mention that when you start nearing $10,000, take a look at this book:

You can find the PDF version online if a library doesn't have a copy. The only part I looked at is how to invest in ETFs using Questrade. I was intimidated by the Questrade platform and trading on a real stock exchange network. This walks you through how to buy and sell ETFs on Questrade which is perfect. You can also open a practice account on Questrade to try all of the buttons they have on their trading platform website. One thing to note is that the book is a little outdated as the user interface has changed. Regardless, you'll definitely find your way around easily.

Good luck!

u/workerbotsuperhero · 3 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

This reddit discussion from around a year ago is somewhat informative. It's all about credit unions in Toronto.

I like some of the credit unions that discussion talks about, but the closest one to me is a Meridian branch. I looked at their rates, and it looks like I'd still be paying around $9.00 a month for a similar account.

It's not a lot of money, but I'm on a mission to stop paying for banking. Mostly because I liked reading Ramit Sethi's I Will Teach You To Be Rich and he emphasized choices like that a great deal.

u/shiftyjamo · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

You mentioned that you're married. My wife & I read Smart Couples Finish Rich when we were first married and found it very helpful. It's a good overview of all the major financial topics for a couple (financial planning, retirement, insurance, buying a home, etc). It doesn't go too deeply into any of them, so it's a pretty easy read. We read that book first then a couple of books that go into more detail on individual topics where we felt we needed more detail.

The Bogleheads' Guide to Investing was one of those other books and it was very helpful when setting up our retirement savings, investing, and planning for the future.

Finally, I found that I Will Teach You Too Be Rich by Ramit Sethi was also very good. It's aimed at people in their 20's & 30's so the style & tone of the book is very different from other finance books. It focuses on money management skills & systems. It also covers topics like negotiation that most other books don't mention very much.

u/justlikeyouimagined · 3 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Dan from CCP has some suggestions for low cost ethical investing but the article is from 2010 and may not be current info. One of the commenters who says he's a fee-for-service advisor has created an Organic Couch Potato Portfolio that uses some of Dan's suggestions. I dunno about those solar bonds.. might not be super liquid.

Rebalancing is not that complicated. The Value of Simple by /u/HolyPotato explains exactly what to do (and has lots of other good information), otherwise there are some great blogs like Canadian Couch Potato and Canadian Portfolio Manager that can help.

I think everyone has to learn this for themselves, but don't overthink it. When I launched my passive portfolio I was checking on it every day, I was keen to reinvest my first dividends as soon as they were paid out, and I spent a lot of time researching, tweaking and convincing myself that what I was doing was right.

A year later I'm checking less and less, I have a 'meh' attitude towards doom and gloom in the financial news and I'm just gonna rebalance when I contribute to my portfolio once a year and leave it alone unless there's a crash.

u/morridin19 · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

So if the Wealthy Barber and Millionaire Teacher are the why, I would say The Value of Simple is the how.

Its a great book with step by step guides that are an excellent compliment to the info found on the Canadian Couch Potato site.

u/313miker · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

I would suggest starting with index funds, such as vanguards Canadian s&p 500. Get your TFSA contributions and RRSP contributions filled up, and in the mean time learn as much as you can. I would suggest reading The Intelligent Investor.

Then you can decide if you want to try valuing companies for yourself, or if a more defensive approach is better for you. Good luck!

u/russilwvong · 5 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

If you're new to investing, I wouldn't recommend that you start with a high-risk, undiversified investment like weed stocks. Here's a brief introduction that I wrote up.

Investing basically means lending out your money, and getting some kind of return on it.

There’s two kinds of investments: debt and equity. With debt, you lend the money and get a fixed rate of interest. With equity, you buy a small slice of a business and get a share of its earnings. Typically the business will pay out some as a cash dividend and reinvest the rest to expand its business (for example, by buying or building another factory), causing its value to grow.

Either way, the value of your investment compounds over time. The rule of 72 says that if your annual return is x%, then it takes about 72 / x years for your money to double. At 5%, for example, it doubles every 14 years or so. So if you can invest $10,000 at 5% and not touch it for the next 40 years, it’ll double a bit less than three times, increasing to $70,000.

Equity investments are volatile: they go up and down. So investors aren’t willing to pay as much as for debt investments, resulting in a higher return on equities. In the long term, equity investments grow faster than debt investments. You take a higher risk and get a higher return.

There's different approaches to investing in equities:

  1. Stock picking - you look for companies which you think are undervalued, i.e. selling for less than they're worth, and buy their shares.

  2. Buy a mutual fund - a mutual fund is run by a manager who actively decides what companies to invest in, spreading your investment over a larger number of companies. Charges an annual fee of 1-2%.

  3. Buy an index fund - an index fund has much lower fees (0.25% or less), because you just buy a small slice of all companies in the stock market ("passive investing"). There's no need to pay a manager and their staff to look at each company and decide whether it's undervalued or not.

    A common approach is to keep your costs low by just buying index funds. Stock picking is hard: it's like trying to find a diamond in a field that's already been searched by an army of professionals. With mutual funds, you’re paying a lot. When your expected average annual return is around 5%, 1-2% is a big chunk. And because stock picking is hard, mutual fund managers have a very hard time doing better than average.

    Index funds are liquid (you can sell them easily) and diversified (you’re not going to lose all your money if a single company or a single economic sector does badly).

    You probably don't want 100% of your retirement savings in equities, because they go up and down, which can be pretty hard to take. (You don’t want to panic and sell whey they’re low.) A common recommendation is to keep 40% or 50% in bonds (interest-paying debt investments), which are less volatile, providing some stability and reassurance when the stock market is going through a meltdown.

    The Vanguard Balanced ETF Portfolio fund, VBAL, is a simple, hands-off way to keep your investments 60% in equities, 40% in bonds, with annual management expenses of about 0.25%. (If you want a different allocation, VGRO is 80% equities / 20% bonds, and VCNS is 40% equities / 60% bonds. iShares and BMO also offer asset allocation funds.)

    For a step-by-step guide, I'd recommend John Robertson's book The Value of Simple: A Practical Guide to Taking the Complexity out of Investing. (He comments here as /u/HolyPotato.)
u/Insilin1i · 4 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Could check out:

TLDR: renting is typically cheaper in the long run than purchasing a home/condo, with greater freedom. Theres more to it than that, definitely give it a read.

I'm personally living at home just because my family home is better than anything I could afford.

u/pfdean · 3 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Hey dude, kind of in a similar position as you. Started reading about PF a little more than 2 months ago and wish I had started 10 years earlier, haha!

Take some time and read before jumping into anything! Here's what I started with:

Wealthy Barber

then read

Millionaire Teacher

and now I'm working through

Guide to Investing


Random Walk Down Wall Street

You will learn a crazy amount about investing with these few books.

I also keep my eye on the RFD Personal Finance forum along with Canadian Money Forums, the latter being a lot more mature.


u/jetez_vos_sabots · 3 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

No worries! Learning this stuff can be fun so I do encourage you to read, at least the CCP website and guide. It's easy to get lost in a lot of the finance noise on the Internet so the CCP site is about all you need for basic knowledge of getting started. For books, Millionaire Teacher was the first book I read and it provides a solid understanding of passive/index investing (I actually gave a copy of this book to a friend today and she's loving it so far). The Value of Simple is the next book I read, which provides a straightforward description of the technical aspects of investing. When you get to the end of The Value of Simple, you'll make an investment plan, open a DI account, and you're off to the races. If you don't know the answer to something, search the CCP website or this sub and you'll probably find an answer (or an entertaining discussion thread).

These few websites and books are the totality of what I had when I got started. Now I also read Garth Turner and Mr. Money Mustace pretty regularly, partly for the finance talk but mostly for the entertaining writing styles. I've adopted a variation of Garth's millennial portfolio for myself but it's arguably more complicated than it needs to be: a CCP portfolio covers you globally and for fixed income and equities.

u/Badrush · -5 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Wow you're knowledge is at zero. An RRSP is an investment vehicle, unless it's a special kind offered by a bank you won't even get anything if you let it sit there as cash.

I'd try to explain things but it would take me forever.


  1. Read up on RRSP and TFSA

  2. Realize you need to buy Index Funds or ETFs

  3. Open a brokerage account with Questrade or a bank.


    To get the above answered I recommend looking through this sub or buying this book (It's not mine but it is very easy to read in a weekend and gives you an explanation for everything).

u/UnfriendlyBear · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada
  1. Couch potato investing is an investment strategy that favours passive longterm sustainable growth of your investments through a buy-and-hold strategy. Eiiy-2 already linked to the definitive blog for doing Couch potato investing as a Canadian.
  2. I think that the best introduction to life insurance is Stop Over-Thinking Your Money! by Preet Banerjee. The first and last chapter give you a great overview of the why and the what of insurance. Borrow it from the library if you have to (that's what I did), but I strongly recommend this book for those who have no idea about insurance.
u/pdblouin · 5 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Which is based on the book Early Retirement Extreme by Jacob Fisker. A really great read. He has a whole section with the derivation of this early retirement formula with the assumptions and the graphs, it's pretty neat.

u/martinarcand1 · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

>I use her car for work

Shouldn't you have some sort of insurance then?

>(down approximately 6% on the year)clearly i suck at that game.

I recommend you read up on some books! (An index of stocks are up 7.69% in Canada so far this year and 4.16% in the USA)

A good one about investing is "The millionaire teacher". It's a good book for everyone.

Another more 'general' one about finances is "The Wealthy Barber Returns".

Also a general website:

u/investtherestpls · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

MMM forums. Here.

But honestly as someone else pointed out, once you have the plan, the basics down, there isn't much to say.

I spend too much time on this 'stuff' when you could easily write out all you need to know on the back of an envelope.

I enjoyed ERE's book,

u/abclife · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

To add on to the book recommendations, I really enjoyed Worry- Free Money. A lot of personal finance books have the same hoity toity tone and I do think it can make people feel even worst and spend even more. This was the first book I've ever read where the author encouraged you to spend and feel good about it.

u/rhunter99 · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Read some books like millionaire teacher. It's easy to read and it will give you a good place to start

u/Compound288 · 5 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Hi Azsune. I think going with a robo or buying balanced ETFs like the Vanguard products are great ways to Beat the Bank! The choice between the two depends on your personal preference. For additional reading, I would suggest Jack Bogle's Little Book of Common Sense Investing.

u/CJOttawa · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Read this book first: "Millionaire Teacher." Seriously, run, don't walk, to the nearest Chapters and buy it. GO. NOW. Before the internet hoards descend on you! ;)

Next book: "The Wealthy Barber Returns." (skip the first "Wealthy Barber" book which, having been written in the 1980s, the author admits is out of date)

Those books will give you the "what" and "why." The Canadian Couch Potato website will give you the "how."

u/segacs2 · 4 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Oldie but goodie: Gail Vaz-Oxlade's book Debt Free Forever is pretty much the budget primer for young Canadians.

u/graeme_b · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Hi, just came across your book browsing this subreddit. Looks great, and I ordered it on

Just wanted to let you know that the availability is showing as 1-3 months. I ordered from amazon anyway because I'm hoping that's just an error and it will ship sooner. But you might want to look into it; at the least it's probably deterring orders.

Looking forward to reading it! I'm about to start using RRSPs and wanted a primer for the whole system.

u/rocketman19 · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

I only bought them in December, but all of them track only one index (except the bond one), so it would be rather simple to calculate.

I'm guessing they are e-series versions of their regular mutual funds, I would stick with the indexes - lower MER and minimum investment.

Here's a great link:

Global Couch Potato option 2 is basically what I have with a lower bond allocation (I hold ETFs/Stocks in a BMO account).

This was also a really good read:

u/maxphil · 5 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

home ownership in the GTA and Vancouver is overrated. i would recommend reading this book: The Wealthy Renter and possibly this one if you're more inclined When the Bubble Bursts. they at least provide you with less biased advice than your friends, family and the real estate industry.

u/Palestrina · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

(I posted this in the other thread) I am pretty familiar with the U.S. version of this software, and hope to be able to pull together my thoughts on the Canadian version at some point...

See for the software creator's basic take on lifecycle economics in a non-academic format

More on the software creator:

u/legrandcourt · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Depends, but basically you should try to balance through contributions rather than sales. If the TFSA is your only account:

  • if it's already full, balance with your contribution next January (the proportion of each fund you buy will bring it back in balance);

  • if it's not full, you can balance with each contribution by focusing on the underperforming assets at the time of your contributions.

    It's not crucial that you stay in balance all the time, especially if you're doing automatic contributions. One of the selling points of the couch potato is that it's easy and you only need to spend a few minutes, once per year, to bring it back into balance.

    More details found down this rabbit hole. (Also, read Millionaire Teacher if you haven't already.)
u/WiseStacks · 20 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Sorry for your loss..

Given your financial position (able to support yourself through school without borrowing) I would invest in ETFs, something like a Vanguard ETF with a minimal MER. I'd also transfer that mutual fund over to the same ETF as the management fees are typically too much, eating away at your returns. Even though the management fees may seem small, compounded over X years to retirement at age 21 is seriously significant..

If you invest this inheritance at your age and follow something like the 4% rule, you'll be retired before most people even start saving for retirement..

If you don't really follow what I'm saying, I highly suggest reading Millionaire Teacher.

u/m9769k · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Pl read. Worth the money

Beat the Bank: How to win the mortgage game in Canada

u/GuiMontague · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

The Intelligent Investor by Benjamin Graham. Written by an investing titan for a lay audience. He also wrote the more advanced Securities Analysis, and was the mentor of Warren Buffett. I suggest the latest edition as the commentary by Jason Zweig does much to update the examples, and shows how timeless the advice really is.

u/MoneyWeHave · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

I personally say yes.

Quite a few chapters were revised with current market conditions e.g. like you said the old one says Vanguard isn't in Canada yet, but new one talks about them. There's also a chapter about robo-advisors.

He also updated a lot of data so it's more recent.

Amazon has a look inside feature so you can see what's in the new version and compare it to your current copy.

u/Lynart · 8 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Take some of that money and invest it into some good books because Redditing will not give you anywhere near the amount of information a well thought out book will.

The one listed below covers a ton of information everyone should know involving the stock market, including mutual funds, bonds and etfs

u/adamcory · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Check out: Legal, Tax and Accounting Strategies for the Canadian Real Estate Investor by Steven Cohen and George Dube. All Canadian and a good breadth of knowledge to get to started!

u/the_boner_owner · 3 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

I've enjoyed this one. The book contains a lot of good arguments for renting and discusses buying vs renting in major Canadian cities

u/shar_blue · 3 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Check out the books How Not to Move Back in With Your Parents: The Young Person's Complete Guide to Financial Empowerment and More Money for Beer and Textbooks for Canadian books aimed at teenagers.

Wealthy Barber Returns is also a solid “basics” book.

u/actively-passive · 7 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Check out the Money Steps and then go to Indigo and buy The Millionaire Teacher. 20$ very, very well spent.

u/bluenose777 · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

If you were planning to open a brokerage or robo-advisor account there are some who don't mind expat clients. (Questrade and Wealthbar spring to mind.) But it might not be your best option. If you can find a copy of Andrew Hallam's most recent expat investing book it might have some better Couch Potato suggestions.

u/JeeebeZ · 1 pointr/PersonalFinanceCanada

I would break down your "fun" in to categories. If your spending $200 on coffee each month, it might be worth looking in to a coffee maker and some contigo mugs.

I would buy 2, $2-5 coffee's at work every day. So, 20 days of work thats 80-200/month. Since I bought a AeroPress and a nice travel mug that I fill up each day I have been able to put about $100 more into savings each month. I still buy the odd coffee but I prefer the aeropress and specific beans. It only takes an extra 3 minutes in the morning.

u/LiftsEatsSleeps · 26 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada


Stop Over-Thinking Your Money by Preet Banerjee

There are a bunch of good Canadian finance reads but I would start with those 2.

u/ordinary_kittens · 7 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

For cutting back on spending, I’d try following the advice in Gail Vaz-Oxlade’s book Debt-Free Forever. It’s really targeted toward getting a grasp on your income and expenses, and how to ensure you’re paying off debt and not spending more than you make.

u/B-A-H · 2 pointsr/PersonalFinanceCanada

Start by reading these,

Then pick up a copy of this book.

Dont feel like you need to manage your own funds...this is a personal choice that a lot of people here like to do (you can make your expenses 0.17-0.2%). If you are not comfortable managing your own funds, there is nothing wrong with sticking with Tangerine's Indexed mutual fund (1.07%).

On a portfolio of 30k, tangerine would charge $321/year. If you took on DIY investing in ETFs, you could get this cost down to $60 per year + trading commissions. There is nothing wrong with paying a bit extra to keep things simple.

The Canadian Couch Potato blog puts some guidelines on how much you should have invested before switching to ETFs, but this info is outdated. Questrade (a discount brokerage) came to Canada since 2014 (I believe). With questrade you dont have to pay any fees to purchase ETFs, you can start low cost ETFs with a portfolio as small as $1000. ETFs are the cheapest form of indexed investing

Some other terms you might want to understand:

Dollar cost averaging

Investment re balancing